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If you think about it, the apps and websites our kids visit today all run on code. And as we strive for a technological future, teaching coding to young children is essential. But knowing how complex it is to code, how can you make it accessible and easy to learn for them? This blog will provide you with simple strategies that you can employ to ensure a smooth learning experience. Let’s get started!

coding for kids

Written by guest blogger, Kat Sarmiento.

Understanding Coding And Its Benefits

Coding, or computer programming, is the process of writing instructions for your computer to follow. It works similarly to how we communicate with a person using a particular language. Coders use programming languages like Java or Python to translate their ideas into words so that computers will understand. Without coding, any software, apps, or website won't work.

But what's in it for kids?

Coding offers numerous benefits for kids, from acquiring valuable soft skills to getting better career opportunities in the future.

Benefits of teaching coding to kids:

Strategies To Teach Coding To Kids

Build Their Interest 

The only way for young children to learn coding is by building their interest in it and showing them how it's relevant to their current interests.

You might want to start talking about the online or computer games they love, and how the games work because of coders! By learning to code, kids can develop computer and video games on their own.

three children surrounding a computer

Use The Scaffolding Method 

Given the many options for coding classes for kids, learning to code shouldn't be overwhelming.

Through a technique called scaffolding, classes for coding will go step by step, breaking down the complex topic into smaller and more manageable pieces.

For the youngest children, focus solely on directional coding as it's the easiest to understand. Basically, all they'll need to know is up, down, left, and right. Here's a screen-free coding activity that can be done with preschoolers. It breaks down things in really simple terms.

When teaching programming languages, it's better to focus on one language at a time. For instance, if they want to create games, use JavaScript. On the other hand, if they want to create websites, HTML is the most ideal.

Maintain Self-Paced Learning 

As you know, each student learns at a different speed. Thus, you must employ self-paced learning when teaching coding to kids. It would help them understand the ins and out of coding and its topics without feeling rushed or overwhelmed.

Also, have them make their own decisions, especially creative ones. Let them explore some things they want to do in the programs they build. If they see the direct impact on every decision they make, they're more likely to be more engaged with the subject.

Use The Appropriate Coding Platform for Teaching

There are various platforms available online when it comes to coding. For young kids, you might want to start with MIT's Scratch. While it may not be a programming language, it's a tool that teaches coding concepts to build critical thinking, logic, and computational skills. Scratch has various computer courses and programming tools kids can use while having fun. It's the perfect tool for beginners and kids who can't type well. Once they've outgrown the basics, you can then introduce programming languages, starting with Python, which is considered to be the easiest.

The Bottom Line When Teaching Coding To Kids

While coding can be complex, you can break it down into byte-sized (hehe) pieces when teaching it to children. Use the strategies above to make it easier for young learners to learn. In the future, they can use the skills and lessons they've learned to build new software that will shape our world.

Visit us to learn more about how you can make learning fun.

Teach coding in kindergarten with this free to print candy corn stem challenge. It’s so simple, you can do this with your whole class- all you need is a bag of candy corn! Let’s go.

Before you print, you’ll need to understand how to teach coding in kindergarten and why on earth we’re going to use candy corn to do it. So read on.

kindergarten coding candy corn stem challenge

What is coding in kindergarten?

Can a 5 year old learn coding? Of course they can! Most of the coding we teach in kindergarten is called directional coding as opposed to block coding.

Directional coding is coding that is giving directions very simply, usually through a series of arrows. This can be done on the computer or in an unplugged coding activity, such as this one. 

In this hands-on candy corn STEM challenge, kids will be using the candy corn as arrows as they practice directional coding to get from start to finish. Then they’ll test out their code, to see if it works!

Why is coding important in kindergarten?

Coding may not be part of the learning standards now, but I know it will be! The world is shifting to be more and more technologically centered, and many future jobs or even hobbies may rely on the ability to code. 

When we start coding in kindergarten, we build these future skills that children will need. It's like learning a language; the earlier you begin, the more fluent you will be.

Some benefits of coding in kindergarten:

Unplugged coding activities are done without a computer, so many kids can participate at once, building skills they'll need on computers.

Avoid this common mistake kindergartners make while coding:

The most typical mistake I see when I am teaching directional coding to kindergartners is the addition of redundant codes. When you are coding, if your arrow points down, you will not need another arrow until you want to change directions.

You should never have two arrows in a row that are pointing the same way.

example of redundant vs correct coding in kindergarten

Candy Corn STEM Challenge Guide

Supplies needed for the Candy Corn STEM challenge:

Basics of coding to teach your kindergartners:

Directional coding is about using basic arrows to direct your token item where to go. Only use an arrow when you are changing directions.

The only directions for our candy corn to point are:

Remember: there is no diagonal pointing here!

Lesson Plan: Candy Corn Coding in Kindergarten


Code a path from start to finish, using candy corn. Test out the candy corn code by following it with a token of choice.


  1. Use your candy corn to make a path through the grid to get to the end. Candy corn can only point up, down, left, or right. Only use a candy corn to change directions.
  2. Place a candy corn in the first square to direct your token in the right direction. (This should be pointing right.)
  3. When you come to a block in the grid, you'll need to add a candy corn to code a new direction that avoids the block.
  4. Continue using candy corn arrows to avoid all objects and direct your token out of the path to the finish line.
  5. Once your code is complete, use your token and follow the code to see if it indeed, leads you out of the grid. This can be done with a partner as well.

Answer key/code:

There is more than one way to complete the coding challenge. Here are the photos of the possible correct answers. Remember to pin or bookmark this page so you can check the answers against your kiddos' or simply follow their path.

Want the bundle of 6 additional Candy Corn STEM Challenges?

If you feel especially passionate about kids coding, or even just want to make an independent center out of this activity, I've made a bundle of 6 black and white coding printables for you.

Each printable has 2 or more solutions so you'll have 12 additional directional coding activities to do with your kindergartners, along with your freebie.

Grab the bundle of 6 kindergarten printable coding worksheets for only $1.50. If you're looking for just the FREEBIE, just keep scrolling! : )

Just want the FREE Candy Corn STEM Challenge to teach coding in kindergarten? Here you go!

Looking for more candy corn and Halloween activities to do with your 4-6 year olds?

Check out our post of simply delightful Halloween activities for your leftover candy corn. Please follow and tag @forwardwithfun on social media if you share this activity!

addition halloween activities for kindergarten

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